Goods vehicles (lorries, HGVs, vans etc)
- In Britain, goods vehicles (excluding light vans) make up only around 3.7% of non-motorway traffic, but are on average involved in around a fifth of cyclists’ road deaths per year.
- In urban areas, HGVs make up just over 2% of non-motorway traffic, and are involved in about a quarter of cyclists’ deaths.
- In London: in 2014, HGVs accounted for 4% of all traffic, but 55% of cyclist and 12% of pedestrian deaths; 21 of the 44 cyclist fatalities between 2011-13 (inclusive) were as a result of a collision with a lorry, and ten of these involved a collision with a left-turning lorry.
- A cyclist is much more likely to die if they are in collision with a lorry than if they are in collision with a car: on average, cyclists are killed in around a fifth of serious injury collisions involving HGVs, compared to just over 2% of serious cyclist collisions with cars.
- On average, HGVs are involved in over 13% of GB pedestrian fatalities per year.
CTC View (formal statement of CTC's policy):
- Lorries pose a disproportionate threat to cyclists. To tackle it, action must be taken by national and local government, hauliers and fleet operators, the police, the Health and Safety Executive and other enforcement agencies, as well as by individual lorry drivers and cyclists.
- The most important measure is to eliminate the source of danger in areas where people cycle or want to cycle as far as possible, principally by restricting the use of lorries on the busiest roads at the busiest times.
- Exemptions to these restrictions should apply only for specific journeys that clearly cannot be made in other ways or at other times, and should require lorries and their drivers and operators to conform to ‘CLoCS’ (Construction Logistics and Cyclist Safety standard), or the equivalent.
- To help reduce the demand for lorry movements in urban areas:
- loads from the largest lorries should be transferred to smaller vans, e.g. through transhipment depots on the edges of towns/cities;
- as much freight movement as possible should be shifted to rail and/or waterborne transport; and, where practical, to cargo cycles;
- councils and operators should work together on safe lorry routing strategies.
- CLoCS should be adopted as a national standard for safer lorry equipment, driver training and fleet management. Local authorities should also make it a condition of planning permission.
- CLoCS should be extended to cover a requirement for lorry cabs to give the driver ‘direct vision’, allowing them to see outside the cab as easily as a bus driver can.
- Designing ‘direct vision’ into lorry cabs is one of the most effective ways of protecting cyclists and pedestrians on the outside. Other safety features that may be of benefit are mirrors, cameras, sensors, sideguards, intelligent speed adaptation and warning stickers.
- For lorry drivers, cycle awareness and practical cycle training should become a fully integrated and compulsory element of the professional training/qualifying process.
- For cyclists, training on how to interact with goods vehicles as safely as possible is beneficial. Publicity campaigns and educational events for drivers and cyclists alike also help highlight the hazards and how to avoid them.
- CTC opposes both moves to introduce longer and/or heavier lorries, and allowing lorries to travel at more than 40 mph on single carriageways and more than 50 mph on dual carriageways.
- All the responsible agencies (e.g. the police, The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA), local authorities, Traffic Commissioners and the Health and Safety Executive, should promote and enforce safe driving and vehicle standards for lorries.
- Individual haulage companies and the associations that represent them should develop, publish, maintain and monitor strategies, action plans and fleet management practices that minimise the risks goods vehicles pose to cyclists. Where appropriate, these should be produced jointly with local authorities and enforcement agencies and be based on consultation with cyclists’ representatives.
- Procurement policies, especially from public authorities, should stipulate that the supply and delivery of goods and services takes safety of vulnerable road users’ safety into account; and that the operators comply with set, high standards (e.g. CLoCs for construction-related activities, or the equivalent for other operations such as waste disposal).
- To make it easier to check that haulage companies are reputable, their Operator Compliance Risk Scores (OCRS) should be made public.
- Cyclists benefit from road layouts and street furniture (e.g. ‘Trixi’ mirrors) that facilitate safe interaction between them and lorries.
- Research into the efficacy of all the above measures needs to be done, with the DfT, TfL, other local authorities and operators all collaborating EU-wide, as required. This should result in clear, consistent guidance for all operators and authorities.
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Publication Date:November 2015